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README.quirks Commit for Nate his "guidelines for submitting quirks". 13 years ago
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README.quirks

/* $FreeBSD$ */

FreeBSD Quirk Guidelines

Nate Lawson - njl at freebsd org

0. Introduction

FreeBSD drivers make every attempt possible to support the standards
behind hardware. Where possible and not in conflict with the standard,
they also attempt to work around hardware which doesn't strictly
conform. However, some devices have flaws which can't be worked
around while keeping the driver compatible with the standard. For
these devices, we have created a quirks mechanism to indicate to
the driver that it must avoid certain commands or use them differently
with a specific model and/or version of hardware. This document
focuses on identifying and committing quirks for storage hardware
involving CAM and UMASS but is applicable to other areas.

CAM provides a generic transport for SCSI-like devices. Many different
transports use SCSI command sets including parallel SCSI, firewire
(1394), USB UMASS, fibre channel, and ATAPI. For block devices (i.e.
hard drives, flash adapters, cameras) there are two standards, SBC
and RBC. SCSI hard drives are usually SBC-compliant and smaller
devices like flash drives are usually RBC-compliant. Multimedia
devices including CDROMs and DVD-RW are usually MMC-compliant.

Please follow these guidelines to get your device working as soon
as possible. If you are a committer, please do NOT commit quirks
directly but follow this process also.

1. Determing the problem

The first step is to determine what's wrong. If the device should
be supported but hangs while attaching, it's possible a quirk can
help. The types of things a quirk can fix are:
`
* cam/cam_xpt.c quirks

o CAM_QUIRK_NOLUNS - do not probe luns other than 0 since device
responds to all inquiries with "lun present".

o CAM_QUIRK_NOSERIAL - do not send an inquiry for serial number.

o CAM_QUIRK_HILUNS - probe all luns even if some respond "not present"
since device has a sparse lun space.

* cam/scsi/scsi_da.c quirks

o DA_Q_NO_SYNC_CACHE - The sync cache command is used to force a
drive to write out all changes to disk before shutting down. Some
drives hang when receiving this command even though it is required
by all SBC and RBC standards. Note that a warning message on
console is NOT sufficient to add this quirk. The warning messages
are harmless and only a device or system hang is cause for adding
this quirk.

o DA_Q_NO_6_BYTE - The RBC spec (see Links below) does not allow
for 6-byte READ/WRITE commands. Some manufacturers took that too
literally and crash when receiving 6-byte commands. This quirk
causes FreeBSD to only send 10-byte commands. Since the CAM subsystem
has been modified to not send 6-byte commands to USB, 1394, and
other transports that don't support SBC, this quirk should be very
rare.

o DA_Q_NO_PREVENT - Don't use the prevent/allow commands to keep a
removable medium from being ejected. Some systems can't handle these
commands (rare).

* cam/scsi/scsi_cd.c quirks

o CD_Q_NO_TOUCH - not implemented

o CD_Q_BCD_TRACKS - convert start/end track to BCD

o CD_Q_NO_CHANGER - never treat as a changer

o CD_Q_CHANGER - always treat as a changer

* cam/scsi/scsi_ch.c quirks
o CH_Q_NO_DBD - disable block descriptors in mode sense

* cam/scsi/scsi_sa.c quirks

o SA_QUIRK_NOCOMP - Can't deal with compression at all

o SA_QUIRK_FIXED - Force fixed mode

o SA_QUIRK_VARIABLE - Force variable mode

o SA_QUIRK_2FM - Needs Two File Marks at EOD

o SA_QUIRK_1FM - No more than 1 File Mark at EOD

o SA_QUIRK_NODREAD - Don't try and dummy read density

o SA_QUIRK_NO_MODESEL - Don't do mode select at all

o SA_QUIRK_NO_CPAGE - Don't use DEVICE COMPRESSION page

* dev/usb/umass.c quirks

o NO_TEST_UNIT_READY - The drive does not support Test Unit Ready.
Convert to Start Unit. This command is a simple no-op for most
firmware but some of them hang when this command is sent.

o RS_NO_CLEAR_UA - The drive does not reset the Unit Attention state
after REQUEST SENSE has been sent. The INQUIRY command does not
reset the UA either, and so CAM runs in circles trying to retrieve
the initial INQUIRY data. This quirk signifies that after a unit
attention condition, don't try to clear the condition with a request
sense command.

o NO_START_STOP - Like test unit ready, don't send this command if it hangs the device.

o FORCE_SHORT_INQUIRY - Don't ask for full inquiry data (256
bytes). Some drives can only handle the shorter inquiry length
(36 bytes).

o SHUTTLE_INIT - Needs to be initialised the Shuttle way. Haven't
looked into what this does but apparently it's mostly Shuttle
devices.

o ALT_IFACE_1 - Drive needs to be switched to alternate interface 1. Rare.

o FLOPPY_SPEED - Drive does not do 1Mb/s, but just floppy speeds (20kb/s).

o IGNORE_RESIDUE - The device can't count and gets the residue
of transfers wrong. This is sometimes needed for devices where
large transfers cause stalls.

o NO_GETMAXLUN - Get maximum LUN is a command to identify multiple
devices sharing the same ID. For instance, a multislot compact
flash reader might be on two LUNS. Some non-standard devices hang
when receiving this command so this quirk disables it.

o WRONG_CSWSIG - The device uses a weird CSWSIGNATURE. Rare.

o NO_INQUIRY - Device cannot handle INQUIRY so fake a generic
response. INQUIRY is one of the most basic commands but some
drives can't even handle it. (No idea how such devices even work
at all on other OS's.) This quirk fakes up a valid but generic
response for devices that can't handle INQUIRY.

o NO_INQUIRY_EVPD - Device cannot handle an extended INQUIRY
asking for vital product data (EVPD) so just return a "no data"
response (check condition) without sending the command to the
device.

2. Testing a Quirk

After you have an idea what you want to try, edit the proper file
above, using wildcarding to be sure your device is matched. Here
is a list of the common things to try. Note that some devices require
multiple quirks or quirks in different drivers. For example, some
USB pen drives or flash readers require quirks in both da(4) and
umass(4).

* umass(4) device (sys/dev/usb/umass.c) -- this quirk matches an Asahi Optical device with any product ID or revision ID.
*
* { USB_VENDOR_ASAHIOPTICAL, PID_WILDCARD, RID_WILDCARD,
* UMASS_PROTO_ATAPI | UMASS_PROTO_CBI_I,
* RS_NO_CLEAR_UA
* },
* da(4) device (sys/cam/scsi/scsi_da.c) -- this quirk matches a Creative device with a name of "NOMAD_MUVO" and any revision.
*
* {
* /*
* * Creative Nomad MUVO mp3 player (USB)
* * PR: kern/53094
* */
* {T_DIRECT, SIP_MEDIA_REMOVABLE, "CREATIVE", "NOMAD_MUVO", "*"},
* /*quirks*/ DA_Q_NO_SYNC_CACHE|DA_Q_NO_PREVENT
* },

3. Filing a PR

All quirk submissions MUST go through GNATS. For information on how
to submit a PR, see this page.

Please include the following in your PR:

* Subject: QUIRK: FooCo USB DVD-RAM drive
* Output of "camcontrol inquiry yourdevice"
* Manufacturer name, model number, etc.
* Transport type (FC, SCSI, USB, Firewire)
* Output from dmesg for failed attach attempts
* Output from dmesg for successful attach attempts (after quirk added)
* Output of "usbdevs -v" with device attached
* Valid email address

Here are some examples of well-formed PRs:

* kern/43580
* kern/49054

4. What happens next

I will review your submission, respond with comments, and once the
quirk is deemed necessary and ready for committing, I'll commit it,
referencing the PR. (Again, all quirks must be submitted as PRs).
Questions? Email njl AT freebsd.org.

5. Note to Committers

Please insert quirks in the right section in scsi_da.c, sorted by
PR number. Always include the name and PR number for scsi_da.c (see
above for an example.) Please sort quirks alphabetically in umass.c.
Follow the surrounding style in all drivers. Be sure to correspond
with the submitter to be sure the quirk you are adding is the minimum
necessary, not quirking other useful features and not overly broad
(i.e., too many wildcards).